Moulds are hazardous to anyone’s health. Therefore, mould cleaning and remediation is an important process. Moulds, themselves, are fungi that manufacture tiny spores. The spores, just like plants, reproduce pretty quickly, and therefore can be found in the outdoor and indoor air as well as on indoor and outdoor surfaces. When the spores land on a damp area, they start to grow, gradually destroying the materials on the surface. Eliminating mould growth is necessary in order to prevent damage to furnishings and materials.
Moisture Control is Important
The sustained growth of a visible mould on interior surfaces can also impact one’s health. Therefore, moisture control is the key to controlling its expansion. That is because moulds need both water and food to survive. Since moulds ingest all types of materials, water needs to be eliminated to keep the mould from surviving.
Common areas for the indoor growth of mould include bathroom tiles, window areas, basement walls, leaky sinks, or even water fountains. Sources of moisture issues include deferred maintenance, leaky roofs, a surplus of condensation, localised flooding, slow leaks in plumbing fixtures, and a malfunction in a humidification system. Uncontrolled humidity in a hot and humid environment can also cause mould growth.
Mould remediation is helpful in eliminating the allergens, irritants, and toxins that moulds produce. When mould is a problem, building occupants may report such issues as odours or certain health complaints, such as breathing difficulties, skin irritations, headaches, allergies, or asthma. Any of these symptoms can surface when mould is present in an environment; especially in a closed space.
A Specialised Area of Expertise
The management of a mould-type contamination is a specialised area of expertise. This expertise requires a full understanding of Occupational Health and Hygiene practices. Technicians should be trained to use specialised equipment in order to remediate mould.
The company that handles this sort of health risk should employ broad-spectrum as well as specialist mould treatment reagents as well. They should supply a turnkey solution that entails a top-to-bottom cleaning and mould removal in a building – a removal that is also associated with the replacement of damaged construction materials.
Again, no practical method exists that will eliminate mould or its spores in an indoor setting. The way to control mould indoors is to control dampness and moisture. Therefore, before a clean-up is implemented, it is important to get rid of the excess moisture in the space. That may mean fixing the source of a water issue, such as a leak. You also want to lower the indoor humidity to 30 to 60% in an effort to reduce mould growth.
Reducing the Humidity
You can lower the humidity by venting bathrooms or other moisture-generating sources, and by using de-humidifiers. It is also helpful to clean and dry construction materials within 48 hours to avoid the growth of mould. Clean mould off of any hard surfaces with detergent and water, allowing the surface to dry completely. Absorbent materials, such as tiles, may need full replacement if the issue has exacerbated.
In any area where moisture is a perpetual problem, do not install carpeting, especially in such areas where frequent condensation is a problem. Locations that feature water use, like a sink or drinking fountain, are particularly important in terms of moisture management. Mould will grow in any place where moisture is commonplace, and it will make its presence known on paper, wood, carpet, or even food.